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XAvg or EMA





Multi-Bar Functions


Exponential Moving Average


XAvg(expr, count) or EMA(expr, count)


expr - formula referencing bar data

count - formula specifying a number of bars


Either XAvg or EMA can be used as the name of this function.

Count is usually thought of as an integer representing a number of bars, but can actually be any decimal value. An EMA is constructed by multiplying each difference between the result so far and the next value by a factor equal to 2.0 / (count + 1.0).

To calculate an EMA of count length with full precision, at least 5*count bars are required. RealTest calculates all exponential functions using however many bars are available, but if you require full precision, you will need to start your backtests that many bars after the start of your data file.

Note that, like most other backtesting software, RealTest begins each EMA calculation with MA(expr, count), then begins to apply the EMA weighting for subsequent bars once count has been reached.

See also Self-Referential Items for an interesting example of how to calculate this indicator yourself.





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